Австралийская зааненская порода

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По данным Dairy Goat Society of South Australia(Соответствует данным Dairy Goat Society of Australia):
The Saanen Breed StandardSaanen

General Appearance (style & quality): Attractive dairy type, revealing vigour, femininity in does or masculinity in bucks, with harmonious blending and correlation of parts, showing no tendency to coarseness.

Head (skull, eyes, ears, mouth, nostrils): Head slender, medium length, well balanced on neck, facial line dished or straight, skull broad between eyes, polled or neatly disbudded. Eyes large and bright amber colour. Pricked ears, medium size carried well above horizontal. Mouth: well developed muzzle, broad lips, open nostrils.

Neck: Blending smoothly into shoulders, with or without tassels. Does long and slender. Bucks fine and strong, not coarse.

Backline: Strong, straight and horizontal from withers to hips.

Forequarters: Lean, high withers, set well into shoulders, which should blend firmly into body. Chest wide and deep in bucks, showing medium width and depth in does.

Body (barrel): long barrel wedge shaped, well sprung ribs, deep frame extending directly to udder.

Hindquarters: Gradual fall from hips to tail, good width between hips and between thurls. Rump broad and strong, pin bones wide and prominent.

Legs (hooves): Straight and strong. Forelegs showing proportionate width to chest, hind legs hocks well apart. Pasterns short and strong, hooves sound and well shaped.

Udder: Broad attachment high at rear and well forward in front and no pocket, not pendulous or unduly divided. Level sole, softly textured and showing good capacity. Skin tan.

Testicles: Scrotum well attached, relatively even and not divided or unduly pendulous. Carrying two testes.

Teats: (two) Of adequate size for ease of milking, well attached and distinct from udder. Set well apart, pointing slightly forward and down, not outward.

Rudimentary Teats: Two, set well apart slightly to the fore and side of the scrotum, of good size but not overdeveloped, unless the buck is milking.

Size: Does 32 inches (81 centimetres). Bucks 37 inches (94 centimetres).

Coat: Short and smooth. Bucks may have a longer coat.

Colour: Even white or cream, tan skin. Black spots may appear on ears, nose, eyelids and udder.

Differing From Ideal (found and recognized): Horned. Raised bridge to nose. Longer hair along back and down the quarters. Uneven tassels.

Faults: Cow hocks. Dropped pasterns. Roach or sway back. Size differing substantially from the ideal. Lack of dairy quality. Uneven gait. Lack of masculinity in bucks. Pink skin. Poor feet. Splayed feet. Low set ears. Weak or narrow chest. Shallow body. Steeply sloping rump. Even biscuit tinge as distinct from cream. Fleshy, pendulous or unduly divided udder. Pocket in udder. Teats: small; thin; large; bulbous; ill defined; unbalanced. Lack of milking capacity. Divided, uneven or unduly pendulous scrotum.

Disqualifications: Wry face. Double or supernumerary teats. Double orifices. Parrot mouth. Obviously undershot jaw. Undescended testicles in bucks or one testicle only. Pendulous ears. Broken colour. Dark biscuit colour. Intersex.

A Brief History of the Saanen

Saanens in Australia had a propitious start as improvement on settler goats was boosted by the Department of Agriculture in New South Wales (NSW) importing two bucks and ten does of the breed. The imports came from France and their homeland, Switzerland. They were located on the Nyngan Experimental Farm at Nyngan, NSW.

These imports were of good breeding quality and produced many excellent milking and 'type for breed' stock. A further two bucks arrived from Canada at Nyngan in 1929. These were not the only imports as Saanens from England were brought into Queensland. All the imports had a long term influence on the breed as over time large herds in both Queensland and New South Wales created a breeding pool which has assisted the Australian bred Saanen to world prominence.

The Nyngan farm closed in 1933 but the NSW State Government re-established a similar farm at Condobolin in 1944. Female descendents of Nyngan bloodlines were bred to two foundation bucks. The stud was prefixed "State". There were further "State" importations of two bucks and six does in 1948, a buck in 1951 and a buck in each year of 1954 and 1958. The "State" imports were not the sole arrivals as other first class Saanen stock from Britain were brought in by many non-government studs.

This huge pool allowed breeders to develop the Saanen in Australia to a very high standard milking goat. Good breeding and management brought world records for milk production, those held being successively passed a number of times by other Australian bred Saanens.

Saanens sourced from the United Kingdom and European origins had a history of careful selective breeding. The Pure Saanen from Switzerland found its way into Germany, France and the Low Countries in Europe and across the English Channel into Britain. Eventually in Britain two main streams were found as breeders there set about making a larger, stronger framed and high producing animal with a short coat.

Both these types, the Pure and the British (the name given the bred up Saanen), were brought to Australia. They also brought pink skins liable to skin cancers. Pink was not a worry in less sunnier climes but was something which Australian breeders had to address and turn into tan. This gave the breed the ability to withstand the strong Australian sunlight and the more open conditions under which many goats are run in this country.

Because of the husbandry and selection in its origins, the Saanen developed a placid nature, a breed easily managed in large or small numbers, in wide or confined spaces. This attribute along with its reliable production and breadth of numbers has seen it become a popular and practical choice for a broad range of goatkeepers.
Заанен стандарт породы:

 Общий вид: Привлекательный молочный тип, проявляет энергичность, женственность в козах или мужественность в козлах, гармоничное телосложение без тенденции к грубости.

Голова (череп, глаза, уши, рот, ноздри): голова стройная, средней длины, хорошо сбалансированный на шее, на лице линии выпуклые или прямые, череп широкий между глазами, без рогов или обезроженные. Глаза большие и яркие янтарного цвета. Стоячие уши среднего размера Проведенные также выше горизонтали. Рот: хорошо развита морда, широкие губы, ноздри открытые.

Шея: плавно переходящая в плечи, с или без кисточек. Козы длинные и стройные. Козлы прекрасные и сильные, не грубые.

Тело: Широкое, бочкообразное.

Рост: козы от 32 дюймов (от 81 сантиметры).Козлы от 37 дюймов (94 сантиметров).

Цвет: белый или кремовый, загар кожи. Черные пятна могут появляться на уши, нос, веки и вымени.

Отклонения (допустимые): Рогатость. Романский профиль. Длинная шерсть на боках и ногах.

Недостатки и дисквалификация как и остальное непереведенное-можно прочитать в гугл переводчик самостоятельно.


Краткая история Заанен
Заанены попали в Австралию из Великобритании и Европы прошли тщательную селекцию на протяжении длительного времени. Чистопородная Заанен из Швейцарии попали в Германию, Францию и Голландию в Европе и через Ла-Манш в Англию. В конце концов в Великобритании были оформлены ДВА основных типа породы с высокой продуктивностью и короткой шерстью.

Оба типа , Чистопородный и Британский привезли в Австралию. Они имели розовую кожду, подверженную раку кожи. Розовый цвет не имел проблем в ином климате, но в условиях Австралии пришли к типу с "загаром".. Это дало породе способность выдерживать сильный австралийский солнечный свет и более открытые условия, при которых многие козы работают в этой стране.


ГеографическаЯ и хозяйственная близость Новой Зеландии и Австралии привела к идентичности стандарта зааненской породы в двух странах (данные New Zealand Daity Goats Breeders Association)^

Breed Standard

General Appearance
Attractive dairy type, alert and revealing vigour. Showing femininity in does and masculinity in bucks and harmonious blending and correlation of parts.

Head of medium length and well balanced on neck. Facial line dished or straight. Skull broad between eyes. Polled or neatly disbudded. Eyes large and bright. Pricked ears of medium size and carried well above the horizontal. Well developed muzzle. Open nostrils.

Does long and fine blending smoothly into shoulders. Bucks well proportioned and strong.

Strong, straight and horizontal from withers to hips.

Lean high withers. Set well into shoulders which should blend firmly into body. Chest wide and deep in bucks showing medium width and depth in does.

Long deep and wedge shaped. Proportionate to height. Ribs well sprung.

Gradual slope from hips to tail. Good width between hips and thurls. Rump long and broad and strong. Pinbones wide and prominent.

Forelegs straight and parallel viewed from front and side. Hind legs strong and parallel viewed from rear. Hocks slightly bent when seen from the side. Hocks well apart. Pasterns short and strong. Hooves sound and well shaped.

Showing good capacity and shape. Attached over a wide area. High and broad at rear. Strong at sides. Blending into the abdomen. Floor of udder slightly cleft. Softly textured. Skin colour tan.

Of adequate size for ease of milking. Well attached at lowest point of udder. Distinct from udder. Set well apart. Pointing down and slightly forward.

Rudimentary teats
(Bucks) Two. Set wide apart. Slightly to the fore and sides of the scrotum. Of good size but not overdeveloped.

Well developed. Evenly balanced. Scrotum not unduly divided. Carrying two testicles.

(At withers) Does 81cm. Bucks 94cm.

Short and smooth. Bucks may have a longer coat.

Coat either white or cream.

Differing from ideal (found and recognised)
Horns, slightly raised bridge to nose. Uneven tassels. Longer hair along back and down the quarters. Wry tail.

Lack of dairy quality. Lack of milking capacity. Lack of masculinity in bucks. Size differing substantially from the ideal. Uneven gait. Low set ears. Roach or sway back. Weak or narrow chest. Shallow body. Steeply sloping rump. Close hocks. Dropped pasterns. Poor feet. Splayed toes. Fleshly, pendulous or slightly divided udder. Pocket in udder. Small, thin, large, bulbous, ill-defined or unbalanced teats. Divided, uneven or unduly pendulous scrotum. Excessively raised bridge to nose. Pink skin. Coat even biscuit colour as distinct from cream.

Wry face. Obviously overshot or undershot lower jaw. Pendulous ears. Double or supernumerary teats. Supernumerary orifices. Undescended testicles in bucks or one testicle only. Colour other than white, cream or even biscuit tinge. Dark spots larger than 20mm in diameter at registration. Intersex.

Ассоциация заводчиков зааненов в Новой Зеландии:
N Z Saanens


Paula Levett
126 Glenbrook Beach Road
R D 1, Waiuku 2681
Phone 09 235 3799
Email mccoll@ps.gen.nz